How Does An Orbital Sander Work?

How Does An Orbital Sander Work

In these days, many homeowners appreciate the significance of buying a solid power machine. Alike an orbital sander is a powerful machine used to streamline unpleasant edges and uneven surfaces of wood, plastic, or metal components. Therefore, it is necessary for customers to go through this article on how an orbital sander works for a better understanding.

Most of the orbital sander tools used on the wood are electrically or battery-powered. Because of the advancement of technology, different kinds of sanders have been created and are presently accessible in your nearby tool shops. However, most of these sanders must be used for a particular type of work.

How Orbital Sander Works? 

The steps listed below will direct you to use an orbital sander regardless of whether you are a newbie or an expert. They are simple directions, and in a short time, you will have completed sanding like an expert.

Start by preparing 

Before sanding, ensure you have all the tools and are well prepared. Readiness ensures that you are safe and comfortable. Hence before operating your sander, make sure you have done the following.

  • Wear safety equipment such as a mask and gloves.
  • Choose the right sanding disks.
  • Covers sensitive areas
  • Secure the sanding disk

Prep Materials and the tool

Hold the material firmly to a work table by using clamps. This keeps it from moving and perhaps causing dangerous kickbacks. Notwithstanding, many modern tools use Velcro technology to ensure a quick and easy sanding disk. Attach a dust collection system to your device when the object is secure.

This system is significant when operating the orbital sander. It ensures the workplace is clean and free from dust particles that can adversely affect the wood’s surface. Similarly, dust collection systems make the workplace safe and easy to track your progress.

Attach Sandpaper 

Another crucial factor to consider in selecting the right grit for your job. Coarse grits such as 60 and 40 grit are suitable for materials that require vigorous sanding, e.g., ones with a hard finish that need to be sanded. But these types of grit can create scratches on smooth panels that do not require a lot of sanding.

The finer grits, such as 220 and 180, form a pleasant and smooth finish; however, achieving the ideal effect takes a lot of time.

When you have selected the grit sandpaper you want to begin with, connect it to the sender. Many of these sander sandpaper has a glue- backing. Basically, remove the backing and insert it into your tool.

Start Sanding 

Switch on your sander and leave it to attain maximum speed before slowly placing it on your object. Quickly move the sander along the wood grain for a smooth and even finish. Gently direct the tool with even pressure. Avoid pressing too hard, or you may scratch or chip the material.

Complete the process 

Ensure you have completed your project by sanding the object’s corners. This is possible by dropping a third of the sanding cushion above the edge of the material. When the sections and all edges are done, turn the sander off. Remove excess debris with clean staple material. Whenever wanted, connect a piece of sandpaper with better coarseness and once again repeat the whole process.

How to Use a Random Orbital Sander | Woodworking

Places To Use The Orbital Sander

This tool has found use in numerous applications since its invention. Here are some of the places where Orbital sanders really stand out.

  • Cabinet doors and face frames

The place where sheets meet at the right points to each other. These sanders smooth the joint without leaving swirl marks over the wood grain.

  • Tabletops, cutting sheets, and other flat areas. 

They work in an arc movement and sand rapidly and efficiently. Be cautious about compressed wood and veneer panels. You can sand directly through the delicate wood skin.

  • For polishing blurred paintwork or unpainted metal and copper. 

Utilize a polishing connection and unique cleaning compounds as required.

How to pick the best Orbital Sander? 

There are numerous types of orbital sanders on the market. When looking for the best tool, consider the following factors:

Variable speed 

When looking for a perfect machine, buying one with variable speed is suggested. This speed choice encourages users to either accelerate or reduce the sanding cushion’s movement, depending upon the object users are sanding, and the finish users need to accomplish.

It is significant since it helps users determine the movement they need to sand and the material they want to eliminate. If they have a variety of materials to eliminate from the surface, speed up.

However, if just light sanding of the surface is needed, like resurfacing your hardwood floor, you can decrease the speed to coordinate the number of objects you want to eliminate. So, buy a tool with the variable speed feature and an increased adaptable sander.


If you have sanded flat surfaces, just like sanding a floor, the weight of your sander is probably not a major concern for you. But suppose you are smoothening vertical areas such as your cabinet’s side or vertical furniture that needs you to move the sander vertically. In that case, the weight of the sander is reduced relatively.

In this example, weight can easily cause exhaustion and tiredness in your hands, reducing the time you can grind with the sander and ultimately decreasing your performance. Therefore, buy a lighter-weight machine. Your hands will thank you later.

Final Verdict  

Buying and using an orbital sander is a simple process and will help you achieve a consistent result in no time. Knowing how an orbital sander work and how to use it accurately will allow you to get the most out of its use quickly and safely. Plus, you can get competent quality results for much less money.